The recycling of Lead Acid batteries requires the recovery of the lead and the treatment of the sulfuric acid electrolyte. We have various methods for performing these two basic functions, all of which are performed on-site and all of which have been permitted by the U.S. EPA and local authorities.
Not just any company can use our recovery techniques. Lead Acid batteries have been classified as a Hazardous Waste under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Consequently, only facilities that have been permitted by the EPA after a thorough review process (sometimes taking years to complete) can legally manage these batteries on-site. This review and permitting process, which Retriev has undergone and completed, ensures your batteries are being handled by a company with the knowledge and technology necessary to properly store, treat and track the hazardous components involved.
An automated recycling process, known as a battery breaker, is used to recover the various components of a lead acid battery. The batteries are fed by conveyor to a high-impact crusher, which is enclosed to prevent the escape of fugitive lead emissions. The crusher effectively separates all the battery components and then uses various material separation techniques to produce clean streams of raw materials for use in new products.
In addition, we have a manual line for accomplishing the physical disassembly of the battery components into clean streams of raw materials. This manual line is instrumental for certain consumers that prefer lead plate over the crushed lead produced by the automated breaker.
Whether processed through our automated or manual line, the same components will be generated: lead product, battery casing (plastic or steel), and sulfuric acid. The lead product is shipped to EPA approved secondary smelters and will be converted into pure lead ingot for reuse in new batteries. Likewise, the battery casing will be shipped to various plastic and steel recyclers for reuse in new products. Finally, the sulfuric acid will be treated on-site and discharged in accordance with facility permits and treatment requirements.